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Welcome to the Hydrogen Infrastructure Map!

Joint initiative of ENTSOG, GIE, EUROGAS, CEDEC, GD4S, and GEODE

The REPowerEU Plan introduced actions to rapidly reduce dependence on Russian fossil fuels and speed up  the green transition. For accelerating hydrogen projects development, REPowerEU set a target of 10 million tonnes of domestic renewable hydrogen production and 10 million tonnes of imports by 2030.

It was acknowledged that accelerated efforts are needed to deploy hydrogen infrastructure for producing, storing, importing and transporting 20 million tonnes of hydrogen by 2030 – a significant contribution to decarbonising our economy while guaranteeing security of supply.

ENTSOG, GIE, CEDEC, Eurogas, GEODE, GD4S in cooperation with European Hydrogen Backbone based on 36th European Gas Regulatory Forum conclusions started a bottom-up process to gather all relevant hydrogen infrastructure projects with the aim to present the data in an interactive, user-friendly and publicly accessible map that could be used by stakeholders and policy makers. The interactive Hydrogen Infrastructure map brings together the hydrogen perspective and projects of Transmission System Operators (TSOs) of gas, Distribution System Operators (DSOs), Storage System Operators (SSOs) and LNG System Operators (LSOs), as well as third party promoters developing projects in consortia along the whole value-chain.

Key numbers

220

Total number of hydrogen projects

120

Hydrogen transmission and distribution projects

40

Hydrogen storage projects

10

Hydrogen terminals & ports projects

40

Hydrogen demand and production projects

Interactive Map

How to navigate

The interactive map includes hydrogen infrastructure projects and shows the development of projects in 2030, 2040 and 2050. The projects are split into 5 categories including transmission pipelines, distribution pipelines, terminals and ports, storages, as well as demand and production projects.

The map allows to zoom in/out on a specific country or region by double clicking on the map via the mouse or using the zoom in feature in the left corner. Navigation through the map is available by scrolling and moving the cursor over the map. The map also includes a menu in the right corner, which allows the user to select projects based on category and timestamp. The individual features can be switched on and off based on user’s preference, showing the selection of desired projects on the map.

The transmission projects are visualised with lines, while other projects are visualised with symbols, indicated in the legend. The projects are differentiated based on whether they are ‘new’ (newly build infrastructure for hydrogen use), ‘conversion of existing infrastructure’ (conversion of existing gas infrastructure asset for hydrogen use), ‘new and converted’ (partly newly built + partly converted) using a colour code.

Some distribution projects have the label of ‘completed’ (projects including studies and trial use of hydrogen successfully conducted in the past) and some high-pressure distribution projects are depicted as dotted lines. All the information is available in the legend below the map.

The projects’ location is approximate and for some less advanced projects indicative as the respective project is still in an early stage in the process. In addition, by clicking on the icon in the left corner ‘show we where I am’ and enabling access to your location, it is possible to find the respective projects located in the user’s current location.

The project’s information can be displayed in pop-up window which appears by clicking the cursor over a symbol or a line. The pop-up window shows specific information including project name, promotor name, project type, description, and additional information.

Legend
Transmission
New Transmission
New
new and conversion
New and conversion
conversion
Conversion of existing infrastructure
Distribution
new
New
new and conversion
New and conversion
conversion of existing
Conversion of existing infrastructure
completed
Completed
High pressure distribution
High pressure distribution
Terminals and ports
new
New
new and conversion
New and conversion
conversion of existing
Conversion of existing infrastructure
Demand and production
production
H2 production
end-user-level
H2 at end-user level
Storage
Aquifer
Conversion of existing aquifer
Storage New depleted
New depleted field
Storage New and converted deplted field
New and converted depleted field
depleted
Conversion of existing depleted field
Storage: New salt cavern
New salt cavern
Storage: New and converted salt cavern
New and converted salt cavern
salt cavern
Conversion of existing salt cavern
Gert de Block, Secretary General CEDEC

Gert De Block Secretary General, CEDEC

“To make the most of the hydrogen potential, a coordinated and integrated planning for future energy infrastructure is key. DSOs have the crucial task of connecting H2 production and demand and support the uptake of H2 by the industrial and residential sector. Local hydrogen is already there, its distribution is growing, and will help exploit local synergies, make the most of renewables and promoting circularity of the energy system.”

Boyana Achovski, Secretary General, GIE

Boyana Achovski Secretary General, GIE

“Hydrogen infrastructure must be seen as a whole ecosystem. It’s clear when looking at this map. It illustrates that existing gas infrastructure operators are already developing multiple projects that will support the development of the hydrogen economy, contributing as well to REPowerEU targets. Transmission, distribution, storage, import terminals: they will all play a role in accelerating Europe’s decarbonisation journey.”

Dr James Watson, Secretary General, Eurogas

Dr James Watson Secretary General, Eurogas

“Gas distribution system operators are perfectly placed to connect decentralised renewable energy production to end users, through existing networks and connections. If Europe is going to achieve the REPowerEU targets, we need to stay focused and plan together across the gas value chain, and with the connected businesses and communities. This map shows both the good work achieved to date and how far we have to go.”

Carmen Gimeno, Secretary General, GEODE

Carmen Gimeno Secretary General, GEODE

“DSOs are central for the hydrogen economy to blossom. The distribution projects included in this map highlight that this is now more evident than ever. The establishment of an equally adequate regulatory framework will provide the holistic structure needed to fully enable this promising development.”

Piotr Kuś, General Director, ENTSOG

Piotr Kuś General Director, ENTSOG

“This comprehensive Hydrogen Infrastructure map shows the value of collaborative action needed to achieve the REPowerEU hydrogen targets. Transparent project information and joined-up thinking is key. Gas TSOs, with their established infrastructure planning and development expertise, bring essential contribution in this regard.”

Narcis de Carreras,GD4S

Narcis de Carerras President, GD4S

“Gas distribution grids are ready for hydrogen and are key players of the future hydrogen market. This map demonstrates that hydrogen is already a reality at the distribution level. With the right support from the EU institutions, the entire value chain must mobilize to ensure that we reach the ambitions of REPowerEU in a fast and affordable way. Gas DSOs are part of the solution and ready to deliver.”

Daniel Muthmann

Daniel Muthmann Chair, European Hydrogen Backbone Initiative

“The existing gas infrastructure in Europe is an important enabler for the upscaling of hydrogen, the creation of a European hydrogen market and the achievement of REPowerEU targets. Transparency about this infrastructure creates confidence along the future hydrogen value chain. This publication which will be kept updated regularly is an important milestone in this regard.”

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Disclaimer

The European Commission in the 36th European Gas Regulatory Forum (Madrid Forum) mandated ENTSOG, EUROGAS, GIE, GEODE, GD4S and CEDEC (herein after referred to as the “Associations”) to visualize all hydrogen infrastructure projects collected under different existing processes in a form of a map (the “Joint Initiative”).  The information provided on this map was prepared on the basis of information collected from sources publicly available on a best effort basis and based on current status. These data and information collected are published for informative and indicative purposes only and does not reflect true-to-scale representation of the infrastructure. The information provided undergoes an iterative review. All content is provided “as is” without any warranty of any kind as to the completeness, accuracy, fitness for any particular purpose or any use of results based on this information and the Associations hereby expressly disclaim. all warranties and representations, whether expressly or implied, including without limitation, warranties or representations of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose are done so without commitment. In particular, the publication of specific hydrogen infrastructure projects related information and data does not provide any guarantee of the realisation of such projects.

The Associations involved in this initiative are not liable for any consequence resulting from the reliance and/or the use of any information hereby provided. The reader in its capacity as professional individual or entity shall be responsible for seeking to verify the accurate and relevant information needed for its own assessment and decision and shall be responsible for use of the document or any part of it for any purpose other than that for which it is intended. The Associations assume no liability for the content of external links to other websites. The operators of the linked pages are solely responsible for their content. The associations engage the services of consultants for the purpose of communication, technical and mapping support during the development this Joint Initiative.

We welcome any comments you may have on the content and data. Please use the contact information below.

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info@H2inframap.eu